A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose and expressed in its functioning.
The term system may also refer to a set of rules that governs structure and/or behavior. Alternatively, and usually in the context of complex social systems, the term is used to describe the set of rules that govern structure and/or behavior.
The term "system" comes from the Latin word systēma, in turn from Greekσύστημαsystēma: "whole compounded of several parts or members, system", literary "composition".
"System" means "something to look at". You must have a very high visual gradient to have systematization. In philosophy, before Descartes, there was no "system". Plato had no "system". Aristotle had no "system".
In the 19th century the French physicist Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, who studied thermodynamics, pioneered the development of the concept of a "system" in the natural sciences. In 1824 he studied the system which he called the working substance (typically a body of water vapor) in steam engines, in regards to the system's ability to do work when heat is applied to it. The working substance could be put in contact with either a boiler, a cold reservoir (a stream of cold water), or a piston (to which the working body could do work by pushing on it). In 1850, the German physicist Rudolf Clausius generalized this picture to include the concept of the surroundings and began to use the term "working body" when referring to the system.
Computer system, the combination of hardware and software which forms a complete, working computer. Computer systems will include the computer alongside any software (example: operating system, BIOS) and peripheral devices that are necessary to make the computer function.
14 H.4.1 release shows that the Fed’s system-wide cash operating losses now surpass $100 billion ... Similarly, the CBO estimates 2023 fiscal year federal government net interest expenses of $640 billion, an understatement of $100 billion once Federal Reserve system interest expenses are recognized.
is mostly interested in the emergent behaviors in active matter systems made up of units on a molecular scale — tiny systems that convert stored energy into directed motion, consuming energy as they move and exert mechanical force ... ‘This is where the story gets interesting’ ... “And this is where the story gets interesting,” Grigoriev adds.
His interests include driven quantum systems and quantum criticality in nonequilibrium, quantum phase transitions in closed systems, topology in driven quantum systems, many-body physics and quantum simulation and ergodic behavior in driven systems ... Kim's research interests ...
First, California would have to prove that remedying systemic racism is a compelling interest ... Further, even if California demonstrates a compelling interest in addressing systemic racism, it must also prove that reparations are the narrowest and least restrictive means available.
The pound is on track for its worst month since Liz Truss’s mini-budget as money markets pare back bets on how high the Bank of England will push up interest rates ...Sterling hit by interest rate decision ...
Much like the response to the climate crisis, the response to the water crisis suffers from a lack of global coordination and opposition from entrenched interests seeking to prevent crucial reforms ... a complete system overhaul ... However, the increasingly symbiotic relationship between politics and big-business interests complicates this task.
State-ownedGovernmentServiceInsuranceSystem (GSIS) has introduced a loan program for teachers with longer payment terms and lower interest rates ... This allows them to see where their payments proceed within the principal and interest ... The MPL modifications even included a revised computation on the default loans’ penalty interests.
Stigers said she became interested in public health after volunteering with the American Diabetes Association... Morales said her interest in public health has been shaped by her childhood experiences in navigating the health care system, such as having to translate when her family needed to schedule appointments.
Identify and escalate business risk or opportunities arising from the condition of engineered systems and structures in the interests of safety, regulatory compliance, quality, and reliability ... Adhere to CompanyManagementSystem requirements, relevant Technical Standards & Legislation, and business controls.
The draft LI’s will lay the foundation for a robust regulatory framework that nurtures innovation, safeguards the rights and interests of all stakeholders and addresses crucial domains such as digital infrastructure, applications, systems, innovation and e-commerce.
To ignore such an unprecedented vote of confidence in an identity system is to imply that the users do not understand what is in their own interest," the Ministry of Electronics & IT said in the press note ...The government said that the report also avers that there are security and privacy vulnerabilities in a centralised Aadhaar system.
To ignore such an unprecedented vote of confidence in an identity system is to imply that the users do not understand what is in their own interest," the Ministry of ElectronicsIT said in the press note ...The government said that the report also avers that there are security and privacy vulnerabilities in a centralised Aadhaar system.